Materials of International Practical Internet Conference “Challenges of Science”
ISSN 2707-9481, ISBN 978-601-323-288-1, 22 November 2022, Issue V
Title: Formation of students' intercultural competence through foreign films. Review
Abstract: For the rapid development of society, it is necessary to form a new cultural image of a person who implements intercultural communication and is fluent in the latest innovative technologies. Intercultural learning is still relevant to be studied and it attracts the attention of many researchers worldwide as well as educators. The present paper explores components of intercultural competence through foreign films for forming students' competence in international communication. The process of integration into the world community and the creation of an open democratic society has set a new goal for Kazakhstan's education system - to see itself as a citizen of the world living in a certain country, not only as a representative of their own culture but also as a carrier. to bring up a capable person, to form a cultured person who has absorbed the richness of the cultural heritage of his people and the peoples of other countries, seeks mutual understanding with them and is ready to carry out interpersonal and intercultural interaction.
Keywords: competence, intercultural, education, students, movie, teaching.
Cite this article as: Okenova B.B.; Kenzhebayeva A.T.; Galeh N.I.P Pratama (2022). Formation of students' intercultural competence through foreign films. Review. Challenges of Science. Issue V, 2022, pp. 5-9. https://doi.org/10.31643/2022.01
Title: To the Problem of Ecology of Understanding Human Being by Human
Abstract: There are several approaches to considering the concept of environmental friendliness of psychological impact, among which the dialogical one should be especially highlighted. Dialogue as a way of “co-being” and “being-human”, acts as a natural form and method of psychological influence and help, specifying the peculiarities of understanding the client in a situation of psychological counseling, the collapse of the atmosphere of dialogue means failure to be oneself and the loss of the possibility of inter-human contact. A meaningful indicator of professional understanding in psychological counseling is understanding strategies as ways of forming meaning that lies in the approaches to understanding themselves. Environmental friendliness of understanding presupposes understanding that is born in dialogue, "co-existence", "fundamentally responsive", characterized by "direct contact" with the inner world of another, reflecting the process of experiencing his / her otherness, its capabilities, necessity, and productivity, the presence of a need for understanding, functions, and factors of understanding. It is important to understand that in addition to the values and goals of those communicating, understanding and transitioning to his / her new strategy is possible if a human has the desire to look and understand, it is determined in the event of the response.
Keywords: dialogue, psychological counseling, strategies for understanding a human by a human, strategy of explanation, strategy of interpretation, strategy of dialogization.
Cite this article as: Arpentieva M.R.; Akhmetova T.A.; Pertiwi F.D.; Sansyzbayeva D.B.; Kassymova G.K. (2022). To the Problem of Ecology of Understanding Human Being by Human. Challenges of Science. Issue V, 2022, pp. 10-16. https://doi.org/10.31643/2022.02
Title: How to improve the pre-school program? In the Case of China
Abstract: Since the 21st century, with the reform and comprehensive development of education, preschool education has gradually appeared in everyone's vision. In recent years, preschool education, as the foundation of lifelong education, has been highly valued and vigorously developed by the state. Preschool programs are also facing pressures and challenges. There are still many problems in the preschool education program. This article deals with how to improve the pre-school program, how to assess children’s knowledge in the preschool program, how to make preschool programs work well, and so on. The authors will further analyze and discuss the improvement measures in all aspects of the preschool education program based on the actual situation.
Keywords: preschool education program; the need for preschool education; status of preschool education; assessment; recommendations for improvement.
Cite this article as: Fang Yuqi; Kassymova G.K.; Begimbetova G.A. (2022). How to improve the pre-school program? In the Case of China. Challenges of Science. Issue V, 2022, pp. 17-24. https://doi.org/10.31643/2022.03
Title: Analysis of the problem of the emergence of spiritual crisis in individual and social consciousness manifested in the loss of ideals and meaning of life
Abstract: In order to get a person out of the state of deep spiritual crisis in all spheres of life, it is necessary for him to realize spirituality as a necessary condition for both successful development and for the preservation of humanity. The affirmation of universal human values in consciousness and behavior of a person is the basis of his/her spiritual health and moral well-being, aspiration for creative creation. However, the whole complexity of the modern situation is that spirituality in a person's worldview, in the system of life priorities, is of secondary importance. This is due to the domination of the technocratic way of thinking of the person who replaced moral feelings and prefers only materialistic values.
Keywords: suicide, overcoming strategy, corrective approach, criterion, criterial-oriented approach, structural approach, statistical approach, technological approach.
Cite this article as: Akhmetova A.I.; Kamiyeva N.B.; Turymbetova M.; Yermagambetova M.N. (2022). Analysis of the problem of the emergence of spiritual crisis in individual and social consciousness manifested in the loss of ideals and meaning of life. Challenges of Science. Issue V, 2022, pp. 25-32. https://doi.org/10.31643/2022.04
Title: Metacognition Didactic Communication in Higher Education
Abstract: Didactic communication is the communication of subjects about learning: its various components and processes. Didactic communication can only be studied as a multi-component, multilevel and multistage phenomenon, the features of which (modes, opportunities, limitations) are associated with the features of personal, interpersonal, and professional development of the subjects of interaction, manifested in the features of their understanding of themselves and the surrounding world, situations (tasks) of educational and professional activities. The main features of didactic communication are associated with its modes (orientation): learning, self-learning, and mutual learning. Didactic communication in various modes has different opportunities and limitations for the training and development of subjects of interaction, largely regardless of the subject area or specialization to which the student(s) belongs. As for the possibilities and limitations of various modes of didactic communication, in the reality of which all modes coexist in different proportions, depending on the level of personal, interpersonal, and professional development of a person, we can note the unproductiveness of learning and learning modes in working with subjects who have reached a high level of development in these areas. On the contrary, in didactic communication with children and beginners and specialists (students), these modes will be the basis for productive learning.
Keywords: dialogue, didactic communication, understanding, metacognitive procedures, modes of didactic communication, possibilities and limitations of didactic communication, personal development, interpersonal development, professional development.
Cite this article as: Arpentieva M.R.; Retnawati H.; Urazgaliyeva S.A.; Azman M.N.A. (2022). Metacognition Didactic Communication in Higher Education. Challenges of Science. Issue V, 2022, pp. 33-43. https://doi.org/10.31643/2022.05
Title: Development of Augmented Reality as a Learning Medium for Recognition of Layers and Structures of the Earth
Abstract: Augmented Reality is a technology that combines real-world measurement with the dimensions of the virtual world exposed in real-time. It doesn't completely replace what's in the real world, like virtual reality, but just adds to it. This is done by "painting" three-dimensional objects on markers, which are unique "patterns" that can be recognised by the application. Smartphones can develop Augmented Reality applications at low prices and can be used by many consumers. Augmented Reality can be сonsumed in various fields, one of which is the educational sphere as a learning media tool. It can be used to create a more interactive learning environment where students can interact directly with virtual world objects so that students can learn while playing. The application development process in this study is based on the waterfall model. The augmented reality app was developed for teachers and students as a medium in school. The app uses the Vuforia SDK software as a tool to create Augmented Reality. Java and C++ are based on Android. Real-world surface layer applications and earth structure recognition applications can read markers in Augmented Reality geography books. As a medium, they will display 3D models on the screen of android devices and display 3D on the layers and structures of the earth.
Keywords: dialogue, didactic communication, understanding, metacognitive procedures, modes of didactic communication, possibilities and limitations of didactic communication, personal development, interpersonal development, professional development.
Cite this article as: Pratama H.; Azman M.N.A.; Vafazov F.R.; Wijaya H. (2022). Development of Augmented Reality as a Learning Medium for Recognition of Layers and Structures of the Earth. Challenges of Science. Issue V, 2022, pp. 44-53. https://doi.org/10.31643/2022.06
Title: Psychological support for the psychological safety of an individual and a group in higher education
Abstract: Many studies of psychological safety in education focus on the study of the antecedent events and results associated with psychological safety and its violations, but little attention is paid to the ways and steps of ensuring and developing psychological safety at different levels of the educational organization. Methodology. The purpose of the study is to analyze the problems and directions of psychological support for subjects of an educational organization (university) in the field of ensuring and developing the psychological safety of an individual and a group. A research method is a theoretical analysis of the problems of psychological support for the psychological safety of an individual and a group in higher education. Conclusion. Psychologically safe practice is essential in the field of education. Despite psychological safety, being an intuitive concept, it is quite difficult to apply it on a university scale since this problem and its solution have great resonance, and consequences for all levels and components of the educational system. That all parties feel free to speak up and participate as much as possible is vital to a safe and optimal educational experience.
Keywords: psychological support of subjects of an educational organization, university, psychological safety of a person.
Cite this article as: Tyumaseva Z.I.; Valeeva G.V.; Ponniah K.; Nurtanto M.; Nogaibayeva A.A.; Arpentieva M.R. (2022). Psychological support for the psychological safety of an individual and a group in higher education. Challenges of Science. Issue V, 2022, pp. 54-61. https://doi.org/10.31643/2022.07
Title: Effect of Job Satisfaction on Service Quality mediated by Lecturer Performance at State Universities
Abstract: Job satisfaction achieved by lecturers can affect all aspects of productivity, from performance to the quality of services provided in the academic community. This study focuses on analyzing the effect of job satisfaction on service quality with the performance of lecturers as mediators. This study uses an explanatory research method involving 140 respondents from lecturers who teach at state universities. Respondents were chosen by the simple random technique to fill in the questionnaire instrument with the same. The data analysis technique used was Structural equation modeling-partial least squares (SEM-PLS) with the help of Smart PLS 3. The results showed that job satisfaction had a significant direct effect on lecturer performance. However, it does not have a significant direct effect on the quality of lecturer services. On the other hand, the performance of lecturers has a significant direct effect on the quality of lecturer services. In addition, the performance of lecturers also acts as a full mediator so that job satisfaction can affect the quality of lecturer services. The structural model formed also fits the empirical data so that this research can be used as a reference to improve the quality of lecturer services in state universities.
Keywords: Job Satisfaction, Lecturer Performance, Service Quality.
Cite this article as: Asriadi A.M.; Sulaiman Helmi; Kassymova, G.K.; Retnawati H.; Samsul Hadi; Edi Istiyono (2022). Effect of Job Satisfaction on Service Quality mediated by Lecturer Performance at State Universities. Challenges of Science. Issue V, 2022, pp. 62-71. https://doi.org/10.31643/2022.08
Title: Difficulties in mathematics education (mapping literature of international metadata in the last 10 years)
Abstract: It is necessary to map the results of previous studies to conduct new research. The mapping is to obtain information about the novelty of the research to be carried out. Then, it needs a mapping of what has been done by previous researchers. This study aims to map the studies that have been carried out around the world on difficulties in learning mathematics. This research is literature review research with the type of mapping. Data consist of 1,000 research articles indexed by Google Scholar from 2013 to 2022, which were collected with Publish or Perish software using the keywords difficulties in mathematics education. Mapping analysis was carried out using VOSviewer software that images were then interpreted. Mapping is done on learning difficulties in mathematics, difficulty in learning mathematics seen from the abstract with a minimum occurrence of 15 and 10, difficulty in learning mathematics is related to mathematical learning difficulty, difficulty in learning mathematics if it is seen as a relationship if mathematics is applied in studying science, difficulty in learning mathematics is related to the application of realistic mathematics education, and difficulties in learning mathematics related to instruction. The results showed that difficulties in learning mathematics focused on mathematical concepts, applying mathematics in science, word problems, unclear instructions, limited time, and students' mathematics anxiety and ability.
Keywords: difficulty in learning mathematics, mapping literature review, Publish or Perish, VOSviewer.
Cite this article as: Rasmuin. (2022). Difficulties in mathematics education (mapping literature of international metadata in the last 10 years). Challenges of Science. Issue V, 2022, pp. 72-81. https://doi.org/10.31643/2022.09
Title: Challenge of Analysis of Polytomous Item Characteristics with Item Response Theory
Abstract: In the world of education, a lot of scoring is done with a polytomous, for example, on items that are constructed responses. Likewise, at the Open University of Indonesia, the questions for the final exam of a course called the take-home exam (THE) are presented in the form of a constructed response. This problem is done by students who take this course, but the number of students who take this course is not stable. Sometimes, this course is taken by a few participants. On the one hand, it is necessary to carry out an analysis of item characteristics. On the other hand, doing so will face many challenges. In this study, the challenge of analyzing polytomous data is presented on the polytomous score in 3 courses whose final exam is presented in the form of a take-home exam (THE). This study is a mixed research, quantitative analysis packaged in qualitative research with a narrative tradition. Documentary data in the form of students' answers to 3 courses' take-home exams are then analyzed for their characteristics by using various models of IRT polytomous data analysis. Obstacles in conducting analysis are told in narrative form. The analysis was carried out on the take-home exam package of three subjects, namely the Statistical Method II course (89 test participants and two questions), Experimental Design (67 test participants and three questions), and the Sampling method (206 test participants and three questions). Based on the results of the analysis, there is only one package of questions that can be thoroughly analyzed with item response theory, namely the package of questions with the sampling method. Based on the analysis process, it was found that there are challenges in conducting an analysis with item response theory. The challenges are mastery of the R language, the syntax of the selected analysis package, the length or many items in one test package, many test takers, and, last, foresight in rescoring to produce a more proportional pattern. This limitation can be used as a consideration for other researchers in analyzing the polytomous data.
Keywords: challenge, item characteristic analysis, polytomic scoring, item response theory.
Cite this article as: Santoso, Agus. (2022). Challenge of Analysis of Polytomous Item Characteristics with Item Response Theory. Challenges of Science. Issue V, 2022, pp. 82-92. https://doi.org/10.31643/2022.10
Title: Parents’ knowledge of graves’ disease as an autoimmune disease among children
Abstract: Grave’s disease is a relatively rare disease in the pediatric age group when compared to adults. Based on epidemiology data, only 0.1 – 3 per 100,000 children have this incidence. Although it is a rare disease, it has great consequences. Hyperthyroidism can result in weight loss, decreased concentration, and school performance, and may even consequently lead to a thyroid storm. Since it is an uncommon disease, there is little research about Graves’ disease, especially about parents’ knowledge regarding the disease. This article is purposed to determine the views of the knowledge of parents as guardians of their children using the phenomenology study design. To collect the data for this qualitative research, a total of 5 parents were interviewed. The research findings from the interviews showed that parents have poor knowledge of Graves’ disease and its autoimmune cause. Nevertheless, parents understood how to act in conditions that their children might encounter. The findings indicate that more steps need to be made to educate parents on the causes and consequences of the disease.
Keywords: graves’ disease, parents’ knowledge, children’s autoimmunity.
Cite this article as: Fauzia, F., Madani, A., & Samad, S.Z. (2022). Parents’ knowledge of graves’ disease as an autoimmune disease among children. Challenges of Science. Issue V, 2022, pp. 93-98. https://doi.org/10.31643/2022.11
Title: Formation of self-esteem of future specialists in achieving success in professional activity
Abstract: The aim of the study was to examine the self-esteem system of educational organizations. To achieve an effective result, the proper organization, and planning of pedagogical activities, resources, and time play a key role during the educational process. The questions of self-esteem which is the decisive factor of efficiency of managed process are considered. The truth is, developing a strong, positive self-esteem concept is the key to success.
Keywords: self-esteem, self-concept, development, professional self-esteem, education.
Cite this article as: Markhmadova, Zh. (2022). Formation of self-esteem of future specialists in achieving success in professional activity. Challenges of Science. Issue V, 2022, pp. 99-103. https://doi.org/10.31643/2022.12
Title: Essence and concept of self-management in education
Abstract: The aim of the study was to examine the management system of educational organizations to achieve the effectiveness of the result. It is a proper organization and planning of pedagogical activities, resources, and time. The questions of self-management which is the decisive factor of efficiency of managed process are considered. Self-management is played by collective affairs, during which planning, conducting, analysis, and evaluation of cases, decision-making, control, and regulation take place. The success of management depends on the quality of decision-making, organization, control, and regulation of the object of management according to the set objectives, as well as analysis and summarizing on the basis of reliable information.
Keywords: self-management, education, time-management, organization, management.
Cite this article as: Uteshkalieva, A., Kismetova, T., & Barbolova, I. (2022). Essence and concept of self-management in education. Challenges of Science. Issue V, 2022, pp. 104-108. https://doi.org/10.31643/2022.13
Title: Use of technology in high school: A systematic review
Abstract: The development of technology in the field of education is growing rapidly. This systematic review aims to explore the roles, impacts, and trends in the use of technology in education. There is a total of 30 articles were met the criteria and then analyzed. The results of this study indicate technology has a positive role in facilitating appropriate learning processes and environments in high school settings. Technology-supported learning also has a positive impact on students’ learning outcomes and attitudes. This study also found that augmented reality and virtual reality are learning media that are widely developed. The results of this study imply that the development of technology and the readiness of the parties involved in education can enhance the teaching-learning process more successfully.
Keywords: Technology, Senior High School, Education, Learning.
Cite this article as: Alisa Fikriyah, Kassymova, G.K.; Novita Nurbaiti, & Retnawati, H. (2022 Use of technology in high school: A systematic review. Challenges of Science. Issue V, 2022, pp. 109-114. https://doi.org/10.31643/2022.14
Title: Parental Assistance in Online Learning Outcomes of Indonesian Language Subjects Elementary School
Abstract: The study describes the impact of parental support in online learning on learning outcomes in the Indonesian language subject at Takalar Regency SDN 01 Center Pattallassang Year 2. The research approach uses a mixed method with an exploratory method. This type of research is ex post facto. The population was all second-grade students with a sample of 51 students. Data collection techniques used interviews, questionnaires, and documentation. Data analysis techniques used descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. The results showed that parental assistance in online learning had a significant effect on learning outcomes in Indonesian language subjects, this was evidenced by the Tcount obtained of 8.272, which is greater than the Ttable value of 2.009. In addition, from the results of the F test, an Fcount value of 68.421 is obtained which is greater than the Ftable value of 4.038 so it can be said that parental assistance affects the learning outcomes of class II students at SDN 01 Center Pattallassang, Takalar Regency. For the coefficient of determination, the value is 0.583, which means that 58.3% of parental assistance in online learning affects student learning outcomes, while the remaining 41.7% is influenced by other factors not included in the model.
Keywords: Parental Assistance, Indonesian Language, Learning Outcomes.
Cite this article as: Irma, A.A., Fadhilla, N.T., Hardiani, D., Widyastuti, P. & Amir, P. (2022). Parental Assistance in Online Learning Outcomes of Indonesian Language Subjects Elementary School. Challenges of Science. Issue V, 2022, pp. 115-122. https://doi.org/10.31643/2022.15
Title: Potential of interactive technologies for the development of creativity of younger school children
Abstract: The targets of primary general education require the formation and development of creativity of younger schoolchildren. One of the ways to develop creativity is interactive technologies, which are a special form of organizing the activities of students, which has a specific goal – to create comfortable conditions for learning, in which every child feels his success, intellectual ability, and the possibility of creative manifestation. The development of creativity of younger schoolchildren through interactive technologies is carried out through interactive lectures, work in pairs, work in micro groups, training sessions, etc., as well as using the following methods: heuristic conversation, case method, training, discussions, and projects.
Keywords: heuristic conversation, case method, training, discussions, projects, technology.
Cite this article as: Uteshkalieva, A., Izmukhanova, A., & Bekturova, A. (2022). Potential of interactive technologies for the development of creativity of younger school children. Challenges of Science. Issue V, 2022, pp. 123-128. https://doi.org/10.31643/2022.16
Title: Meta-analysis study: Analysis of the Effect of Digital Platforms on Learning Outcomes
Abstract: Learning media are required to use digital platforms to maintain online learning. The Covid-19 pandemic stimulates technological developments in the era of the industrial revolution 4.0, especially in the education sector. Utilization of various digital platforms is carried out to support the learning process. Various digital media platforms are used in the online learning process. This study aims to analyze the effects of digital platforms on the impact of learning. The digital platforms used are Zoom Meeting, WhatsApp, Google Classroom, Schoology, and Edmodo. This type of research is meta-analysis. The steps in determining this research according to Borenstein: (1) formulating a dilemma, (2) searching the literature, (3) collecting issues and findings from individual studies, (4) evaluating the quality of the study, (5) analyzing and interpreting the results of the study, and (6) interpreting what will happen or evidence. The data collection technique is done by browsing the journals using Publish or Perish. Thirteen journal articles met the appropriate inclusion criteria and concluded that the digital platform had an effect on student learning outcomes.
Keywords: Covid-19, digital platform, learning outcomes, industrial revolution era 4.0.
Cite this article as: Rugaya Tuanaya, Andi Abdurrahman Manggaberani, Rina Safitri, Syahri Ramadan (2022). Meta-analysis study: Analysis of the Effect of Digital Platforms on Learning Outcomes. Challenges of Science. Issue V, 2022, pp. 129-134. https://doi.org/10.31643/2022.17
Title: Management system for innovative educational activities in a rural school
Abstract: The village school is the center of educational work and should carry out cooperation between the family and the student. Rural society, human proximity to nature, and humanistic traditions of folk culture promote close interaction with the outside world, awareness of the importance of nature in human life, acquisition of labor skills, love for the native land, and caring attitude to it. Thus, in the conditions of the formation of a market and competitive-dynamic external environment, as well as changes in the mission, goals, and updating of the education system in the Republic of Kazakhstan, the need to develop a strategy for managing the quality of education in rural schools is revealed.
Keywords: management, rural school, education, innovation, concept.
Cite this article as: Uteshkalieva, A.; Nurgaliyeva, A.; Bauyrzhanova, N.; Sakyp, K. (2022). Management system for innovative educational activities in a rural school. Challenges of Science. Issue V, 2022, pp. 135-140. https://doi.org/10.31643/2022.18