“Challenges of Science” - 2023
Materials of International Practical Internet Conference “Challenges of Science”
ISSN 2707-9481, ISBN 978-601-323-356-7, 22 November 2023, Issue VI
Challenges of Science
Title: Bibliometric Analysis of Research Related to Digital Literacy Using the Scopus Database from 2017-2023
Abstract: This research aimed to carry out a bibliometric analysis of research related to digital literacy using the Scopus-indexed articles database which was published from 2017-2023. To collect data, the author used a document Analysis or documentation instrument, and a sample of collected 665 articles from the Scopus publications was obtained through the application of the saturated sampling technique. The data were analyzed through the R Program Biblioshiny package. The first finding is that a steady rate of publications in the field of digital literacy was observed from 2017 (68 articles) up to 2022 (131 articles). The second finding is that keywords like “e-learning”, “digital literacies”, and “students” have higher bibliographical coupling indexes of 29, 26, and 23 respectively. For the third finding, the concepts of “e-learning” and “information literacy” are very important terms within their network. Besides, authors whose works had much attention have included “e-learning”, “digital storage,” “computer science”, “digital environment”, “education”, “curricula”, and “students” in their words. Based on these findings, the main recommendation is for researchers to make further investigations in order to discover why works including the keywords like “e-learning”, “digital literacies”, and “students” are mostly cited.
Keywords: digital literacy, bibliometric, e-learning, bibliographical coupling, information literacy, students.
Cite this article as: Begimbetova G.A., Retnawati H., Nogaibayeva A.A., Sansyzbayeva D.B., Triyono M.B. (2023). Bibliometric Analysis of Research Related to Digital Literacy Using the Scopus Database from 2017-2023. Challenges of Science. Issue VI, 2023, pp. 5-14. https://doi.org/10.31643/2023.01
Title: Career guidance for Generation Z: modern methods of professional orientation in a stress Period
Abstract: This article examines the importance of modern career guidance methods for Generation Z, focusing on the methods and tools used to create effective career guidance. The article examines the unique features of Generation Z and how they differ from previous generations and shows the need for individual approaches to professional orientation. It also discusses the advantages of using the Gallup Professional Orientation Test and the DISC personality test to determine individual professional orientation. Additionally, the authors examine Generation Z from a psychological point and found out that they feel stressed; anxious even in the classroom environment. Recently, many Z generation people are university students that suffer from speaking and sharing their points of view. Therefore, overall grades deteriorate noticeably. As a result, cognitive-behavioral therapy is the best method to cope with stress. Overall, this article contains valuable information for educators, career counselors, and professionals working with Gen Z to improve their professional development and future career prospects.
Keywords: Generation Z, career, test, CBT, stress, anxiety, speaking, students.
Cite this article as: Abutalip D., Yesbossyn M., Pertiwi F.D., Suleimen S.B., Kassymova G.K. (2023). Career guidance for Generation Z: modern methods of professional orientation in a stress Period. Challenges of Science. Issue VI, 2023, pp. 15-21. https://doi.org/10.31643/2023.02
Title: Integrating Continuing professional development with Education system reform in Kazakhstan
Abstract: In the past few decades, the central position of teachers ensuring the quality of education has become increasingly acknowledged internationally. This article considers the reformation of education policy trends regarding teachers' education in Kazakhstan. State policy in the country recognizes education as a priority for social and economic development, with a focus on strengthening the practical training of teachers. It also addresses the challenges faced by state teachers and examines the significant changes to the structure and delivery of teacher education in Kazakhstan since 2011. The paper concludes with a discussion of the author's concerns and recommendations for the future of initial teacher education, with specific reference to the Kazakhstani education system.
Keywords: Continuing Professional Development, professional development, teacher education, education reforms.
Cite this article as: Zharylkassyn M.B. (2023). Integrating Continuing professional development with Education system reform in Kazakhstan. Challenges of Science. Issue VI, 2023, pp. 22-28. https://doi.org/10.31643/2023.03
Title: Features of the Development of communication skills of younger students in inclusive education
Abstract: A teacher working in an inclusive class needs to build communication in such a way as to ensure the inclusion of children with special educational needs (hereinafter referred to as SEN) in communication with normotypical children by developing their communication skills. The purpose of the article is to analyze research on the problem of the formation of communicative skills of younger students in the framework of the educational process in the context of inclusive education. The scientific novelty and theoretical significance of the study lie in the development of the foundations of an integrative approach to the study and formation of communicative skills of younger students in an inclusive class. The methodological basis of the study is a systematic and competence-activity approach to understanding the problems of the formation of communicative skills. Research methods include theoretical and empirical analysis of the problem and reflection of the results of the ascertaining and formative stages of experimental research. The results of the experiment indicate significant and numerous changes in various aspects of the communicative skills of schoolchildren, the need to introduce joint games and other forms of joint activities of schoolchildren from inclusive classes into the educational program, contributing to the harmonization of relations between them, the development of schoolchildren as individuals, partners, and students, improving performance and satisfaction with educational relationships. The prospect of the study is the further development of an integrative approach, the improvement of the system of means and conditions that contribute to the formation of the development of communicative qualities, communicative actions, and speech skills - the communicative skills of students in general, the development of a system of recommendations that allow future and working teachers to increase their aspirations and skills in the sphere of formation of communicative skills of schoolchildren.
Keywords: primary school student, communication skills, inclusive education, inclusive class, a student with SEN, special educational needs.
Cite this article as: Lyskova G.T, Safeek N.M., Arpentieva M.R., Ponniah K., Koptyaeva S.V. (2023). Features of the Development of communication skills of younger students in inclusive education. Challenges of Science. Issue VI, 2023, pp. 29-39. https://doi.org/10.31643/2023.04
Title: Inclusive Health-Saving Education: Ecological Model of Modern Educational Relations
Abstract: : An ecological approach to understanding health saving in inclusive educational relationships means that the goal of the teacher and students is to build such relationships and implement such processes and forms of interaction in which “everyone and every one” of the participants wins, a consensus is reached as the point at which they find their best satisfaction. This requires a clear understanding of what is and what is not education and society, what is and what is not a person and society, what is and what is not development and harmony, and what is and what is not transparency and health. The purpose of the study is to analyze the ecological approach to understanding health saving in inclusive educational relations. The research method is a theoretical analysis of the ecological approach to understanding health saving in inclusive educational relations. Inclusive health-saving education is discussed as a part of the ecological model of modern educational relations. Inclusive health-saving education is a part of the ecological model of modern educational relations. Within the framework of exclusive school education, ignoring the tasks of health protection and development, there is a high chance of negative impact, mathetogenesis, and pediogenesis, it is difficult for an individual to become a student, to realize the existence of different strategies, forms, and types of learning activity and learning relationships. Thanks to inclusion, people can experience themselves and the world as different, in different situations. Inclusion allows minimizing (prevention), overcoming (correction and development, or rethinking many problems of an individual or group).
Keywords: inclusiveness, educational relations, health saving, ecological approach to understanding health saving, inclusive educational relations.
Cite this article as: Stepanova G.A., Kassymova G.K., Arpentieva M.R., Kurmanbai D.B., Lyskova G.T. (2023). Inclusive Health-Saving Education: Ecological Model of Modern Educational Relations. Challenges of Science. Issue VI, 2023, pp. 40-52. https://doi.org/10.31643/2023.05
Title: Improving students' cognitive processes to enhance the quality of education
Abstract: : This article discusses the problem of improving the quality of students' knowledge by improving their cognitive processes in the educational environment. The purpose and content of the modern educational paradigm are to focus on the free and comprehensive development of future generations, self-education, competitiveness, successful life as a business person, the education of students, their quality of education, and the education of a responsible, humane citizen. Much research is being carried out in this direction. However, the problems of improving students' cognitive processes and improving their knowledge quality require particular study. There are contradictions between the definition of pedagogical conditions for the development of cognitive processes of students and the need to determine their effective ways. The authors found that the concept of cognitive has different meanings. Improving students' cognitive processes at an early age can significantly improve the quality of knowledge. Various research methods were used, including a theoretical analysis of literature, an express questionnaire, and a question-and-answer questionnaire "designed to improve the cognitive processes of students." The studied questions in this article will be helpful for those who are engaged in the education and upbringing of students, including parents and teachers, as well as psychologists and sociologists.
Keywords: Cognition, education, student, learning theory, cognitive processes.
Cite this article as: Bekmurzayeva S., Begimbetova G.A., Yuqi F., Hebebci M.T., Leong T.Kh. (2023). Improving students' cognitive processes to enhance the quality of education. Challenges of Science. Issue VI, 2023, pp. 53-61. https://doi.org/10.31643/2023.06
Title: Complex Ni and Co Extraction from Leached Nontronitized Serpentinite via Hydrometallurgical Process at Atmospheric Pressure
Abstract: The growing significance of mineral processing processes in the contemporary mining and processing industry lies in their aim to augment the concentration of valuable constituents within processed natural raw materials. Predominantly, these processes encompass pyrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy, and electrometallurgy. Each method can extract nickel; however, the high energy demand of pyrometallurgy necessitates a shift toward refining the efficiency of hydrometallurgical procedures. Consequently, optimizing nickel-containing ore processing technologies to yield high-purity nickel and its compounds is a current research concern. This paper investigates the hydrometallurgical processing of nickel and cobalt via leaching, specifically targeting oxidized nickel-cobalt ore. Analytical studies reveal a promising potential for complex extraction of nickel and cobalt, achieving impressive yields of 98.4% and 90.7%, respectively. Our analysis further demonstrates that implementation of this method can notably elevate the extraction degree of targeted metals. Significant energy resource conservation is made possible by conducting extraction at a moderate temperature of 353K and at atmospheric pressure. Importantly, this approach facilitates the extraction of valuable components even from ores containing negligible concentrations. This scientific endeavor enhances our understanding of efficient, sustainable practices in the field of mineral processing, demonstrating the potential of hydrometallurgical methods for nickel and cobalt extraction.
Keywords: Hydrometallurgy, nickel and cobalt extraction, leaching process, energy efficiency, mineral processing.
Cite this article as: Smailov K.M., Nuruly Ye. (2023). Complex Ni and Co Extraction from Leached Nontronitized Serpentinite via Hydrometallurgical Process at Atmospheric Pressure. Challenges of Science. Issue VI, 2023, pp. 62-71. https://doi.org/10.31643/2023.07
Title: Cognitive Abilities of Senior High School Students
Abstract: The Scholastic Assessment Test is a test used to measure cognitive abilities. The Scholastic Assessment Test predicts prospective students who are able to complete their studies in college well and on time. This study aims to (1) describe the cognitive abilities of high school students through the scores of the Scholastic Assessment Test on Computer-Based Written Examination in 2021; (2) find out the subtest that has the most influence on the Scholastic Assessment Test score. This study uses secondary data, namely the mean score of the SMA/MA Scholastic Assessment Test in the province of Yogyakarta Special Area which is included in the Top 1000 results of the 2021 Computer-Based Written Examination. In the Province of Yogyakarta Special Area, there are 83 schools that fall into the Top 1000 category with details: 28 Senior High Schools in Yogya City, 23 schools in Sleman Regency, 18 schools in Bantul Regency, 7 schools in Gunung Kidul Regency, and 7 schools in Kulon Progo Regency. The data analysis methods used in this study were descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis. The results of data analysis show that the highest average of students’ cognitive ability in the low group is reading comprehension and writing ability, in the medium group the highest average is reasoning ability, and in the high group, the highest average is quantitative ability. Based on the results of the regression analysis, it can be seen that the reasoning ability subtest has the greatest contribution to the Scholastic Assessment Test scores of high school students in the Special Area of Yogyakarta.
Keywords: Cognitive ability, Computer-Based Written Examination, Scholastic Assessment Test.
Cite this article as: Suryani Y.E., Putro N.H.P.S., Retnawati H., Khamit Zh. (2023). Cognitive Abilities of Senior High School Students. Challenges of Science. Issue VI, 2023, pp. 72-78. https://doi.org/10.31643/2023.08
Title: Stress-strain state of rock mass around pillars and chambers considering the angle of occurrence of the ore body
Abstract: The task of the study is to determine the parameters of the unstable-deformed state of the rock mass around the targets and the chamber at various angles of occurrence of the ore body. A vertical section of a rock mass is considered. The deformation along the chamber can be neglected and the task is reduced to flat. The number of methodical finite elements is taken as the solution method. To solve the problem, the characteristic conditions of cleaning chambers and tar-gets are modeled. The geometric parameters of the design scheme succeeded with the maximum approximation to real conditions. The characteristic of a solid body and host rocks is given by the modulus of elasticity, Poisson's ratio, and volumetric weight.
Keywords: Rock mass, cleaning chambers, host rocks, tensile stresses, multidimensional mathematical models.
Cite this article as: Tutanov S.K., Tutanova M.S. (2023). Stress-strain state of rock mass around pillars and chambers considering the angle of occurrence of the ore body. Challenges of Science. Issue VI, 2023, pp. 79-83. https://doi.org/10.31643/2023.09